Monoculture refers to the culture and breeding of a single fish species in a farm. In mono culture there is no any competition for feed and space among fishes as there is only one species is cultured. Only one fish species gets farmed in a single pond or tank, it gets referred to as a monoculture farming method. Generally, in commercial fish farming, fish species having demand in local markets are preferred for culture which helps in focusing on single fish species culture. Tilapia is a common choice for mono culture for fish farmers due to its increasing market demand, tastes, faster growth pattern etc.