Topic – Employment
State – National
Sector – Agriculture

Agronomy is a branch of agricultural science that includes study of plant physiology, soil science, meteorology, and plant genetics. It is the application of science and technology in agriculture from an holistic and integrated perspective that focuses on developing techniques to enhance the production, improvement and management of major food crops. It is the study of the intersection of crop genetics/physiology, their management, and the environment, including soils, in which they are grown.

Available Job Roles: Plant Scientist, Rural Practice Surveyor, Soil Scientist, Agricultural Consultant, Crop Advisor, Agri-business Consultant, Hydroponics Consultant, Agronomy Project Coordinator, Seed Plant Operator, Digital Farming Solutions Manager etc.

Key Skills Required: Analytical skills, Domain knowledge, Scientific knowledge, Problem-solving skills, Communication skills, Creativity, Team Player, Deep understanding of soil productivity principles. 

What to study?

Students interested in pursuing a career in Agronomy can explore the following pathways:

  • Path 1: Class XII in Science Stream; B.Sc (Agriculture); M.Sc (Agriculture); Ph.D (2-3 years)/Job.

Where to study?

Colleges and universities offering the best programs in Agronomy in India & abroad are given below:

India Abroad
  • Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi
  • Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
  • Central Agricultural University, Imphal    
  • Assam Agriculture University, Jorhat                                                
  • G. B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Uttarakhand  
  • Wageningen University, Netherlands
  • University of California, Davis, United States
  • Agro Paris Tech, Paris, France   
  • University of Queensland, Australia
  • South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China                                                                                                                                         

  Pros & Cons

  • Pros: Developing crop production, Career opportunities, Attractive work environment, Collaborating with farmers and crop researchers to conduct a detailed analysis of crop data.
  • Cons: Tedious work, Salaries are average.

Top Recruiters

Some of the top recruiters of Agronomy graduates are: National Seed Corporation, State Farm Corporation, Warehousing Corporations, Govt Irrigation firms, Botanical Survey of India, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (Government of India), State Forest Departments, Directorate of Soil Health (State Govts), Indian Institute of Biotechnology Pvt. ltd, WML Biotechnology Private Limited, Private  Irrigation firms, Godrej Agrovet, DuPont India, Advanta India, Tea gardens across India, Coffee & rubber plantations across India, Fertilizer companies, Pindfresh, Aries Agro Pvt Ltd, Acqua Farms, Letcetra Agritech, Urban Kissan. 

Further graduates can also work independently by starting Agronomy Consultancy, Agri-based Consultancies, Agricultural firms, Agriculture product shops, Agro-based industries etc.