Topic – Education
State – National
Sector – New Age Careers

Marine Biology is the study of all marine organisms, their behaviour and interactions with their surroundings. It involves the study of biological, physical, chemical and geological oceanography in relation to marine organisms. Marine biologists inspect the population behaviours or physiology, the condition of habitats and the effects of human activity on the animals and their habitats are studied. 

Marine biology consists of a variety of subjects like pathology, biochemistry, ecology, ocean farming, anatomy, development, reproduction, and conservation. Those who can work for long hours should opt for this course. There is a wide range of career options in marine biology. Marine biologists can go for academic research, laboratory work or fieldwork.

Available Job Roles: Marine Biologist, Fisheries Biologist, Aquaculturist, Biological Technician, Aquatic Biologist, Fishery Data Manager, Reef Restoration Project Manager, Environmental Consultant, Marine Researcher, Professor/Lecturer.

Key Skills Required: Patience, Team work, Communication, Numerical Aptitude, Technical Knowledge, Domain Knowledge, Problem Solving, and Observation Skills.

What to study?

Students wanting to pursue a career in Marine Biology can explore the following pathways:

  • Path 1: Class XII with Science Stream; B.Sc (Hons)(Aquaculture/Biological Sciences/Life Sciences); M.Sc (Marine Biology); Ph.D.
  • Path 2: Class XII with Science Stream; B.Sc (Hons)(Aquaculture/Biological Sciences/Life Sciences); M.Sc (Oceanography); Ph.D.

Where to study?

Following are a collection of best Marine Biology programs offered in India and abroad:

India Abroad
  • Indian Maritime University, Coimbatore
  • Centre for Atmospheric Science, New Delhi
  • National Institute of Oceanography, Goa
  • University of Madras, Chennai
  • Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi
  • University of Glasgow, Scotland
  • Australian National University, Australia
  • Harvard University, United States
  • University of Tokyo, Japan
  • University of Southampton, United Kingdom


Pros & Cons      

  • Pros: Lead advanced research projects, Research opportunities, Adventurous work environment in field research.
  • Cons: Requires extensive knowledge, skill and training, Work in marine bodies is dangerous.

Top Recruiters

Some of the top recruiters of Marine Biology graduates are: National Centre for Polar and Ocean Reseaarch, National Institute of Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Centre for Marine Living and Ecology, ESSO-INCOIS, ICAR-CIBA, Marine Research Ltd., Nutra-Kol, Ocean Science and Surveying Pvt. Ltd., Poseidon Biotech, Shantha Marine, Ashored Innovations, Bouddi, GeoMarine Biotechnologies Pvt. Ltd., Nurture Aqua Technology Pvt. Ltd.

Further, graduates can also work independently as Environmental Consultant, Aquaculture Consultant etc.